Basic knowledge to keep a Domestic Peacock

Domestic Peacock


Many of the Asian Countries(especially India) keep the Domestic peacock in their house for decorative purposes.
Peacocks belong to the pheasant subfamily, but they differ from this subfamily with a flat tail. 

In science, peacocks are classified as follows:


Kingdom  Animals
Type  Chordates
Class  Birds
Detachment  Chickens
Family Pheasant
Subfamily  Pheasant
Genus  Peacocks


It is very strange, but genetically peacocks are very close genetically to domestic chickens. This can only be explained by the common origin of these birds. Peacocks at home have not earned such great popularity as chickens, however, some poultry farmers, lovers of beautiful and rare birds, keep them on their plots for decorative purposes.

Domestic Peacock

Domesticated peacock are a domesticated form of wild birds native to India. . This bird is very beautiful, especially the males. Males have a very beautiful bushy tail, which especially shows their beauty during the breeding period. It is peacocks that are the most beautiful birds of the order of chickens.

We can obtain meat, eggs, and feathers from domestic peacocks. The peacock’s feathers are the most valuable thing among them. They are quite long and have a very beautiful pattern, eyes that shimmer with a blue-green tint.

The history of the domestication of peacocks

Domestic peacocks have a very rich and interesting history. For the first time, these birds have domesticated a very long time ago. Since that time, peacocks have the status of the most beautiful and graceful poultry. Various literature can serve as proof of this. Peacocks were first domesticated in Asian countries.

Today, the peacock is a national symbol of India and simply a sacred bird. Many Buddhist temples are decorated with pictures of peacocks. People who profess Buddhism believe that the peacock is transport that takes the souls of people to heaven.

These birds played a very important role in the culture of India. There are many Indian fairy tales and other works with peacocks.

In many countries, the peacock very vividly personifies the exotic, its exterior is admirable. In addition to India, peacocks were also domesticated in other ancient states: Egypt, Assyria, Greece and Rome.

Domestic peacocks came to Europe during the time of Alexander. According to legend, he took out a fairly large number of livestock from India, as a war trophy. Peacocks spread very quickly across European countries, but everyone wasn’t able to afford this bird. 

The peacock was a real symbol of the beauty and static nature of its owner. In the 12th century, peacocks were introduced to Japan and China, and in the 19th century to the continent of South America. South America has an ideal breeding climate for peacocks, so many birds have gone wild and live in the wild today.


Domestic peacock breeds

At home, they contain two breeds of peacocks – Indian (common, crested) and Javanese (rarer).

  • Indian peacocks are not divided into subspecies, however, there are several color mutations, the most common are white and birds with black wings.

Indian Peacock

  • Javanese peacocks are divided into three main subspecies – Javanese green, Indo-Chinese green, and Berman green peacocks.

Javanese peacocks

How to keep a Domestic Peacock

To keep peacocks at home, a large and warm aviary will be needed. The aviary is made of a net with a height of at least 2.5 meters, otherwise, the bird can fly over it. The pen should contain feeders, drinkers, and perches. The perches must be installed at a height of 1.5 meters.

The house should be warm and free of drafts. It should have all the necessary equipment like feeders, drinkers, nests, and perches. It is best to organize heating in the poultry house since in winter the birds will spend most of their time there.

Domestic peacocks are very friendly birds. They can be kept together with other domestic birds, preferably with chickens.

Breeding domestic peacocks

Breeding peacocks at home is quite difficult. For their reproduction, it is necessary to build a poultry house and an aviary. The aviary should be large, with a total area of ​​25 square meters. The walls are made at least 2.5-3 meters high. The aviary should have roosts at a height of 1.5-1.8 meters. The poultry house is located on the north side. In the house, nests are made from boxes or old baskets and filled with soft bedding. It is advisable to make additional perches indoors.

In such a poultry house with an aviary, one adult sexually mature male peacock and from one to five females are launched.

Up to 15 hatching eggs can be obtained from each adult female per season, however, this is only on condition that you take the eggs from the nest on time, otherwise the female will begin to incubate the eggs since their maternal instinct is very well developed. Eggs are taken for further artificial incubation.

However, eggs can be left in the nest, then the female will hatch the eggs herself and take care of the chicks. The incubation period of peacock eggs is 29-30 days.

Feeding peacocks at home

Feeding peacocks at home is not particularly difficult. In principle, the feed with which you feed the chickens will suit them. However, it must be remembered that peacocks must be transferred to new feeds gradually, otherwise, the bird may die of hunger.

The emphasis on feeding peacocks should be made on fresh green food. This is their natural food and is most suitable for them. Don’t forget about grain feed. At home, peacocks eat boiled potatoes very well.


Keeping a peacock won’t be a big deal if you have a poultry or Enough big farm for them with all the requirements in it. You should have a good aviary and food of them which can last at least a month. We can’t manage such precious creature to die with hunger.